Federal Government to reassess ANAC’s responsibilities
The Federal Government has started discussions over the reassessment of the activities that currently fall under the authority of the Brazilian Civil Aviation Agency (“ANAC”). By the end of the year the Agency should have established those activities that ought to remain under its responsibility and start the transference process in relation to the others.
It currently falls to ANAC to supervise and regulate all the activities that involve air transport in Brazil, from those services provided by airline companies through to the coordination of general aviation. In the area of supervision, the Agency is responsible for the inspection of aircraft and maintenance facilities, certification of aircraft parts, licensing of pilots and inspection of airport conditions, amongst other activities.
It is widely felt that the Agency does not have enough staff to perform all these activities satisfactorily, which has led to the performance of part of the work by sampling.
The Ministry of Civil Aviation (‘SAC’) argues that ANAC should reduce those of its supervisory activities, considered bureaucratic. The idea is that the Agency should dedicate itself to regulation of the aviation sector, whilst part of its supervisory activities would be transferred to local authorities, through agreements, and to the private sector.
Amongst the activities that should be transferred to the private sector, according to SAC, are the application of practical proficiency examinations for pilots and the concession and renewal of pilots’ licenses. SAC believes that a process similar to that used by the State Transport Department (“Detran”) for the issuing of drivers’ licenses should be adopted, whereby the private sector assumes responsibility for a large part of the procedures. ANAC, on the other hand, has been very resistant to the proposal, stating its concerns over security.
According to ANAC, the transference of the duties should be performed in line with a chronogram detailing the transition over a minimum period of one year, whilst it would require the training of new specialized professionals.